- Written between 63 and 65 AD
- Addresses some of the same issues about leadership as 2 Timothy
- Greek whom Paul argued should not be circumcised (Gal. 2:3).
- Trusted by Paul to deliver the second letter to the church in Corinth.
- Titus was Paul’s “fixer”.
- Familiar with false teaching and broken churches.
Remind who? Older men & women. Young men & women. Bondservants.
Why did they need to be reminded? Remember what was said about them in chapter 1? Liars, lazy, rebellious—they didn’t want to obey Biblical or Roman authority.
They’re instructed how to behave and then reminded that even Paul and Titus were disobedient, enslaved to their passions, and hateful.
There’s a lot to unpack about the nature of God and His posture toward us.
- Loves mankind
- Saves us
- Washes and renews us (better than Tide).
- Notice this: God pours out the Holy Spirit on Jesus (Jn 1:29-34) who then transfers the Holy Spirit to us in full measure.
What does all of this do for us?
- We are justified.
- Made heirs of God.
- We have a confident expectation of eternal life.
Paul reminds Titus why know this is important: so that we can engage in good works. If we are confident that we’re saved through God’s mercy and grace, we can confidently do things that benefit others.
There’s a two-fold benefit: we also can avoid unnecessary arguments and controversy. How often are people pulled into arguments about obscure doctrines or traditions? If someone is causing division over minor things, we are to reject them.
Pastors have a tough job. They need to shepherd the flock and deal with division. They must have discernment to determine when someone is intentionally being divisive and then remove them through proper church discipline.
Note: this is when dealing with a fellow Christian. Unbelievers should be handled with the same grace God showed towards us through Christ.
Titus is an itinerant pastor. After he cleans up the mess in Crete, someone else will be sent to lead the church there.
Paul asks Titus to encourage the Cretan church to help individuals who are in need. It’s an opportunity for them to “learn to engage in good works” by meeting the pressing needs of others.
If we are saved and we don’t do good works, out faith is unfruitful. Our works do not save us but they are the fruit of a renewed spirit.